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1990-1999 Milestones

45 Years of Innovation

With more than 45 years of commitment to facilitating positive change through technological innovation, Applied has improved the way people live, work and play. Technology is at the heart and soul of our DNA.

Using our guiding principles of energy efficiency, scale, design for the environment, and community involvement, we are creating change on a global scale, while creating breakthrough opportunities resulting in a brighter future.

  • 1999

    Sales: $4.86B R&D: $681M Patents: 615
    Key Accomplishments
    • First mainstream product to virtually eliminate emissions of global warming PFC (perfluorocompound) gases using remote plasma clean technology, a crossover technology from Display
    • Released FAB300, the first Manufacturing Execution System software designed specifically for 300mm fabs
    • Entered the electrochemical plating (ECP) market with the Electra Cu ECP system, designed for volume manufacturing of high-speed copper based semiconductor chips 
    • CEO James C. Morgan awarded Shanghai’s Magnolia Award for contributions to the Chinese city’s high tech development
    • Opened facility in Rehovot, Israel
    • Opened regional office in Narita, Japan to support FAB300 customers
    • Donated a Precision 5000 system and more than $300,000 to National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) to assist in the construction of a semiconductor manufacturing process research and development facility in Taiwan
    • Donated more than $300,000 to Taiwan Earthquake relief efforts, through the TVBS Caring for Taiwan Foundation
    • Donated two systems, a Centura wafer etching system and an Endura PVD system to the Microsystems Technology Laboratories of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to help students perform research
    • Established graduate fellowship program at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
  • 1998

    Sales: $4.04B R&D: $644M Patents: 400
    Key Accomplishments
    • Acquired Consilium, and entered the Manufacturing Execution System software business
    • Opened the Equipment and Process Integration Center (EPIC), the first facility of its kind in the semiconductor industry for customers to develop and test copper interconnect processes
    • Introduced the SEMVision DR-SEM, the first fully automated defect review and classification scanning electron microscope (SEM) designed for in-line operation within advanced production lines
    • Opened Technical Training Center in Singapore
    • Wellness Program named the winner of the prestigious 1998 C. Everett Koop National Health Award; the award recognized programs that improve health and healthy behavior among employees by reducing health risk and medical care costs
  • 1997

    Sales: $4.07B R&D: $568M Patents: 351
    Key Accomplishments
    • First semiconductor equipment maker to ship a 300mm production wafer processing system to a customer
    • Acquired Opal and Orbot Instruments, entering the market for process diagnostics and control equipment
    • Recognized as the 1997 Corporate Food Drive Champion for providing more than 1.7 million pounds of food to Silicon Valley, CA food banks
  • 1996

    Sales: $4.1B R&D: $482M Patents: 445
    Key Accomplishments
    • The National Medal of Technology, America’s highest technology award for technological innovation, presented to Jim Morgan by President Bill Clinton
    • First semiconductor equipment company to open large-scale technology centers in Korea and Taiwan
    • Austin employees (along with Company match) donated over 187,000 pounds of food to the Capital Area Food Bank
  • 1995

    Sales: $3.1B R&D: $330M Patents: 213
    Key Accomplishments
    • Entered the chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) market with the Mirra CMP system, designed for sub-half-micron semiconductor device processing
    • First semiconductor equipment maker to ship more than 1,000 single-wafer, multi-chamber dielectric chemical vapor deposition systems
    • Entered the RTP (rapid thermal processing) market with the RTP Centura, designed to solve critical processing issues, offering potential for yield gains in advanced devices
    • Opened office in Dresden, Germany
    • Austin employees (along with Company match) donated over 285,000 pounds of food to the Capital Area Food Bank
  • 1994

    Sales: $1.6B R&D: $189M Patents: 203
    Key Accomplishments
    • First Lifetime Achievement Award presented to Dan Maydan, Sass Somekh and David N. K. Wang from Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI)
    • Austin employees (along with Company match) donated more than $64,000 to non-profit agencies serving Central Texas counties
    • Established Research and Development Fund in Shanghai, China to support local development of science and technology
  • 1993

    Sales: $1B R&D: $140M Patents: 75
    Key Accomplishments
    • First semiconductor equipment manufacturer to exceed $1 billion in annual sales
    • Entered the market for Active-Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD) manufacturing equipment with the AKT-1600 PECVD (plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition), providing enabling technology for the cost effective production of thin film transistors for AMLCDs
    • First semiconductor equipment manufacturer to have its system added to the permanent collection in the Smithsonian Institution
    • Employees donated more than 84,000 pounds of food during, benefiting individuals and families in Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties
  • 1992

    Sales: $751M R&D: $109M Patents: 70
    Key Accomplishments


    • Became the world's largest semiconductor equipment manufacturer
    • Opened second major site in the United States—in Austin, Texas
    • First U.S. semiconductor equipment maker to form flat panel display equipment venture
    • Opened Technical Training Center in Munich, Germany and Seoul, Korea 
    • Opened offices in Suwon and Chungju, Korea; opened repair shop in Seoul, Korea; and opened sales and service office in Singapore


    • Launched Charitech, a program designed to introduce high-tech companies to the social service and non-profit communities
    • Received the 1992 Tribute to Women in Industry (TWIN) Award  for expanding opportunities for women in the work place
    • Donated a Precision 5000 wafer-handling robot to University of Texas’ new Robotics Research facility, to facilitate advanced robotics studies
  • 1991

    Sales: $638M R&D: $102M Patents: 44
    Key Accomplishments
    • First semiconductor equipment manufacturer to introduce “paperless” cleanroom documentation using CD ROM technology for technical manuals
    • Announced Edinburgh, Scotland and Swindon,England facilities
    • Opened Technology Center near Tel Aviv, Israel; opened Kansai Parts Center in Osaka, Japan and an office in Fukuoka, Japan
    • Helped fund an educational exhibit at the Austin Children’s Museum entitled “You Are Here: Wondering Through the Solar System”
    • Co-sponsored the American Electronics Association’s “Get Together for Kids” campaign, an initiative to encourage more parental involvement in their children’s schooling
    • Donated $233,000 to the United Way, marking its ninth consecutive year as a “pacesetter” company – the longest streak ever recorded in Santa Clara County
    • First Annual "Spring Food Drive" benefited the Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Clara and San Mateo counties generated 3,400 pounds of food
  • 1990

    Sales: $567M R&D: $97M Patents: 46
    Key Accomplishments
    • Received the Queen's 25th Anniversary Award for Technological Achievement for the company’s leading role in developing ion implant equipment in Horsham, England
    • First semiconductor equipment maker to offer integrated deposition/etchback for blanket tungsten CVD
    • Formed Applied Materials (Israel) Ltd., opened new Service Center in Hachioji, Japan and opened an office in Taipei, Taiwan
    • Employees pledged $246,882 in donations (along with company match) to the United Way of Santa Clara County in California
    • Donated a Precision 5000 system with chemical vapor deposition and etch chambers to California's Technology Center of Silicon Valley, a high tech educational facility designed to inspire children to learn more about new technologies
    • Donated $25,000 to support the new interactive exhibit and science center, The Garage at the Technology Center of Silicon Valley, in California
    • Donated a two-chamber Precision 5000 Etch system to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for research designed to characterize the effect of resist patterns and surface topography on dry etching processes